Shared Insights To Four Deep Questions
In these pivotal times for humanity, the questions run deep; tough times demand tough talk and action. It is with this in mind that I posed four succinct yet deep questions to a number of recognised sustainable business thought leaders and change agents. It can be a challenge to catch our breath, pause and reflect on deep questions when we are busy at the coal face, yet many experts took time to formulate and share a considered response as we gather at the threshold of paradigmic transformation.
Here are the full responses I received from a variety of ‘experts’ in sustainability – to read the article that summaries these responses and relates them to ‘radical sustainability’ please go to the original post published here on CSRWire
As you can read, these opinions reflect a wide range of views and beliefs (even amongst people working in the field of sustainable business). It is hoped that in sharing these insights from ‘experts’ that we start to share our own opinions or insights on such questions. There is no time like the present to openly discuss and share our views on life and our role within it. (Note – a couple of the responses have been edited/shortened for brevity).
No. It can be seen to mimic purpose, but that would presume that we can decide what ‘Nature’ is rather than the individual organisms that make up nature, whose purpose is to replicate/live on.
It has none – even Lovelock at his most teleological agrees with this. Of course it does have a host of emergent properties which might give the appearance of purpose and hence consciousness, eg rheostasis. Then again, poetically speaking of course the purpose of Nature is bursting with life!
Nature has no purpose of its own; it just is.
Nature in its widest, deepest sense is simply everywhere, spatially and dynamically continuous and hence infinite and all-inclusive. Nature cannot therefore be defined objectively or have an ultimate goal, purpose or end towards which it is progressively evolving. Such an objective notion of ‘Nature’ and ‘purpose’ is a human abstraction (imposition of non-existent discontinuity between space and form), inconsistent with evidence and incapable of making consistent natural sense. Nature simply is as it is and evolves as it does as an open system of energy flow – a dynamic inclusion of space in form and form in space (‘place-time’).
To survive, procreate and evolve. It does this by becoming more efficient at capturing and converting energy in ever more complex and resilient networks
Yes, survival to procreate and protect offspring.
The question does Nature have a purpose is ridiculous in concept as humankind is part of, not apart from Nature. Therefore the question simply poses the question what is the meaning of life.
Purpose requires a number of things to exist. The first is free will which creates choice. With choice comes a responsibility for cause and effect. I know that a bee uses its antennae to seek out pollen leading it to this plant, not that plant. That is Nature. Is that any less a choice just because the bee’s evolved facility for making that choice is actually much more perfect than my evolved facility for creating a harmonious society, choosing a career or choosing a life partner. Just because some parts of Nature have evolved to be exceptionally good at making repetitive choices does not mean that those parts are not making repetitive choices. So I see no inconsistency in the idea that Nature has a purpose. As to what it is? I have no idea but I strongly suspect it is not one thing in much the same way as my purpose is not always the same as John’s or Susan’s, nor indeed is the bee’s the same as the farmer’s when he is spraying his crops.
The question suggests that there could be some ‘agency’ behind nature – a consciousness that gives it form and purpose. Of course nature both gives and takes life but a purpose suggests that it is there to do something beyond mere existence and I do not believe that is the case. Any purpose it may have is a result of our own projections of value, worth, belief onto it. I suppose I have a rather nihilistic view of nature. Having said this, I still revere nature and have spent my life trying to protect bits of it that I believe are valuable. My aesthetic appreciation of wild spaces means I want them protected. I want them protected more for their beauty than for any purpose they may have. If we could replace the biophysical systems that make life on Earth possible with some machine that creates clean air and water I would value that less than wild nature for, to me, it would have no aesthetic value. Perhaps then nature does have a purpose – it provides a context to all that is and all that will be. Its purpose is beauty.
If we look at Nature scientifically as the system of interconnected biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) elements on the Earth, then the purpose of Nature is simply to perpetuate Nature – specifically the biotic world. However, if we consider Nature philosophically or spiritually as something far beyond a collection of physical/biological components (and I do!), then I believe the purpose of Nature is also far beyond our understanding (at least my understanding!). Perhaps that is one of Nature’s purposes: to help us recognize our hubris.
Nature teaches us how to live, thrive, survive and behave.
Purpose is a human concept and although we are most certainly an integral expression of nature we can’t anthropomorphise nature in that sense. My feeling is that Nature is the “process of manifestation”, when conditions are right manifestation occurs. The question is really “what” is being manifested?
Yes Nature has purpose… It is a self-serving, co-operative, collaboration of species that together can thrive and grow, and sustain themselves. Whilst there is competition for mates and foods that competition serves to strengthen the quality of the entire system. Nature has a fundamental purpose for humanity – it sustains humanity.
Nature creates conditions conducive to life. This is its purpose and its prime directive. It thereby creates the opportunity space for ever greater diversity and experimentation in life.
Not convinced by the idea of purpose. Seems inherently man made from a Western perspective. In Nature the system supports maintaining overall balance, with a cycle of decay and renewal, part of the Gaia system in keeping the Earth in balance.
Nature just “is”: it has no objective purpose, but it’s jaw-dropping richness and diversity affords us an almost infinite range of opportunities, starting with our own existence.
I think it may be too arrogant to think that mankind in our current stage of evolution could answer this. When I contemplate Nature, I discover many unanswered questions, and therefore I resonate with the notion of “dwelling in the great mystery.” Just because we do not understand does not mean that we cannot dwell in Nature, despite not knowing her purpose.
Nature is. Nature is creation made visible. Nature’s purpose, if purpose there is, is to reveal herself to herself. It is the ebullient, vital, wild and untamed, uninhibited physical and visible expression of raw universal creativity
To reveal the Cosmos or Macrocosm as a manifestation of the Transcendent-Immanent ONE.
“By ME the whole vast universe is spread abroad; by ME the Unmanifest! In ME are all existences contained; not I in them.” Said Sri Krishna, Bhagavad Gita
Nature’s purpose is to follow its inner nature and fulfil its potential, whatever that is.
Yes Nature has the purpose of sustaining life on this planet. Left to her devices she will create and correct the right balance for future generations of flora and fauna and all living creatures.
Nature’s purpose is to display the wide diversity of Creation and to encourage us to search for wisdom within its depths.
Consciousness is the beginning of a journey by replicating organisms towards an objective I would describe as ultimate comprehension. Replicating organisms give order to an otherwise completely random universe.
I would describe the purpose of Nature as emergent – to explore the possibilities enabled by every situation. I think this is a better interpretation of the idea of the survival of the fittest – the generation of as many species, notions, conceptual frameworks as possible that fit, rather than a tending towards the one right answer.
There may be a cosmic purpose for the evolution of life on Earth but it is way beyond my intelligence. Nature is a beautifully interconnected system and the Earth is certainly a beautiful planet but I doubt it makes any difference to the limitlessness of space whether it exists or not. It’s a wonderful example of a living system.
Yes, I think that Nature’s purpose is creativity and exploration. Her dynamic seems to involve a need to change in order to remain the same (i.e. alive); a constant letting go and letting come. Stasis = death, Dynamism = Life. The purpose is wrapped around the need to give ‘maximum freedom to the parts, maximum freedom to the whole’ B. Goodwin
Its purpose is to open us up to a closer relationship with itself and its Creator while sustaining itself and us.
Nature manifests God. ‘Lift up a stone and you will find me there’ – Jesus. Nature makes the invisible visible. All of creation participates in this divine creation.
Does humanity have a purpose, if so what?
Humans may mimic purpose, and some people are very good at having purpose for themselves, but it is a conscious selected purpose.
As human beings, we are on a journey of becoming who we really are – our true Selves.
The promotion of joy and pleasure and the reduction in pain and suffering by all replicating organisms is their purpose. Also, mathematically, I believe we should leave earth so billions of uninhabited planets can host the optimum joy and pleasure from diverse life across the millions of galaxies.
Humanity is an emergent property of life. Cultures can have a purpose but not humanity. And so we should discuss this much more – the economy as servant of culture has become usurper and we now see cultures world over with a purpose to serve the economy – pure folly. If we are to transform these folly economies into wise economies we will have to reinvigorate the discourse on cultural, societal purpose and put this (be it happiness, joy, well-being, self-fulfilment) at the heart of the debate about what then do we need from an economy which serves such a purpose.
“Humanity” as “thing” is a holon – embracing a huge and complex holarchy of cultures, races, sexes, ages, geographies, histories, desires, beliefs, religions and so on – and a member of the “Nature” holarchy. I think I equate lack of purpose with non-existence so this holarchy does itself have purpose. I am actually a member/part of many holarchies. Every holarchy, including the holarchy that is me has a purpose (although that purpose is not static and is multilayered). I do not always strive for the same thing. I have abstracts – happiness, wealth, prosperity, peace – which tend to persist and I have concretes which tend to come and go – a meal, a coffee, sex, a new car. Sometimes the multi-purposed holarchy that I am is in harmony. Sometimes it is not. This is also true of all holarchies – sometime the family is in harmony, sometimes it is not. In many ways an enlightened holarchy is one in which the whole is able to embrace and love all of its conflicting components with their conflicting components in a perpetuating, unshakeable bubble of peace.
Yes, humanity’s purpose is to live, love and be loved as a local inhabitant and expression of natural energy flow.
To be conscious of all that is around us.
The need to understand and be one with that which is manifest.
The evolution of intellect and self-awareness has given humanity a sense of superiority over Nature, but the purpose of humanity must be to use those unique evolutionary outcomes to further help maintain, enhance and where necessary repair the natural infrastructure including that which humanity relies on.
Humanity’s purpose is to be a servant to life’s ability to flourish. At this we’ve been failing miserably. Bucky Fuller called our time humanity’s final exam. Either we start getting it right or we’ll join the fossil record, after having foreclosed the opportunity space for a staggeringly large number of other species.
At this stage of my own spiritual development, I cannot say that I truly believe that humanity has a purpose. If we do, it will be intimately linked to that of “Nature” and not separate from Nature, since we are Nature. I feel the most eloquent summary of the goal of humanity is “to treat others as you would wish others to treat you.”
To undertake the journey that T S Eliot so eloquently expressed with these words: “We shall not cease from exploration, and at the end of our exploring we shall arrive at the start and know it for the first time.” We are just one tiny strand of creation’s unlimited innovation, an experiment, an out-breath. We are scattered fragments of stardust trying to remember who we are, evolve, and find our way home.
It is humanity’s purpose and sublime destiny to give itself back to God in perfect conformity and understanding or put another way to attain to fully conscious perfective-union of each individual human soul with the ONE and the All .
No one’s opinion is of interest here because either the response solicited will reflect the religious or spiritual leanings of the writer or be an unscientific ramble on improbability and evolution. The correct response can be no other than we are a living experiment and as the subjects we cannot hope to find out more than an emotional response.
Perhaps humanity’s purpose is to try to re-create some of the beauty that manifests in nature be that through art or technological development. As a child, I often thought that humanity was a manifestation of God’s sense of humour – his/her playfulness in human form! A way for him or her to experience themselves by living. I think we are here for an omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent consciousness – of which there is but one – to be able to experience itself. That universal consciousness can only know itself by creating something other – we are that other. We do, therefore, have a purpose.
A sense of purpose comes from finding meaning in life by following our own inner nature and that of the universe.
It could be perceived that humanity’s purpose is to destroy nature, as we have done a pretty good job up to now. But humanity’s job is to respect and create harmony with Nature, thinking of at least the next seven generations.
Humanity’s purpose is as a latter day part of this creation. Therefore, it should treat the environment into which it was created with respect.
We humans, as organisms on Earth, are unique in our ability to imagine and to be creative (physically express our imagination). We can also love (it is not clear that any other organisms can love the way we understand it). I believe humanity can be considered the collective imagination and love of humans. I don’t believe that humans could survive without imagination and love (meaning we would go extinct), thus one purpose of humanity is to help perpetuate the human species.
Not convinced about the idea of humanity having a purpose. Initial aim was simply day to day survival, however as we have become more sophisticated in our tools and systems this has shifted to a predominant philosophy of consumption and extraction. So we are at grave risk of undermining the very thing that that we need the most to survive. Time frame is critical here, since we have only had this approach in the last 180 years or so, and the consumption model has only run amok in the last 40 years.
If I were an alien anthropologist looking down and observing humanity, I would say its purpose is to rapidly and radically modify the Earth’s biosphere to profoundly change the diversity and scale of life on the planet. If asked ‘why’ that is humanity’s purpose I would be at a loss. Since I’m not an alien anthropologist, I would have to say that no, humanity has no purpose.
As part of Nature, our purpose is nested within this exploration – so our purpose should be to explore the possible ways of human being in the world. Above and beyond this I do think we have been given more than other species, and as such more might be expected of us. I believe Goethe’s idea of humans as the organs of perception of the universe is an appropriate idea for us.
In its physical form humanity developed as an accident of evolution. I’m not sure how soul and spirit became part of this…and yet I know they exist. Esoterically, we are here to experience the illusion of separation in order for unity to know itself… and then to remember that there is no separation. And on a different level…if humanity disappeared the Earth would be better off. I like the idea of the evolution of human consciousness – it would be wonderful if humanity could get it together to co-create a future in loving relationship with the rest of Nature.
Yes, to love, to imagine and to be a self-reflexive vessel for Nature herself.
If humanity were to find its own purpose, it would be ‘to live in harmony with each other and create enlightened, cooperative ways living that sustain the resilience of the systems that support us’
Humanity’s purpose is ultimately a deep loving relationship with each other, Nature and God who is within all things and beyond all things.
Human’s appear (at least to us) to have a rare gift of receptivity and contemplation, which allows us to be receptive to and contemplative of God’s creativity – Nature. From our attunement with Nature we can understand how to become who we truly are ‘homo sapiens’ wise humans. From this understanding flows our codes of justice, ethics, community and so forth – codes not in a way that curb our selfishness or vices, but that encourage our friendship and mutual goodness.
How would you describe humanity’s current relationship with Nature?
As the accumulation of lots of interactions between actual humans and actual bits of nature. There is no high-level relationship that is not the sum of the parts. Unfortunately those parts are often dis-functional to the whole (over-consuming, being unhealthy, having little shared understanding, etc)
In the aggregate humanity’s relationship with Nature has become abstracted, disconnected, fragmented, partitioned, abusive. By co-creating an economic system which increasingly places the destructive effects out of sight both geographically and temporally, we fail to elicit the natural compassionate response which any sane human would feel if directly confronted with these effects here and now, physically, sensually, not just intellectually.
Largely parasitic – using resources and energies of our host’s features and assets with scant regard for the future.
Some sections are deeply connected whilst others are completely disconnected.
I would describe humanity’s relationship with nature as ‘perfect’! This may sound a little weird but after years of believing that humanity had a violent relationship with nature – which of course it does! – I think our current relationship is perfect in terms of the story we have told ourselves about who and what we are. If we were not facing the numerous environmental crises that plague us, then we would not have been doing things according to the story that we have written for ourselves. By this, I mean that for at least two thousand years – since Socrates – we have been telling ourselves that we need to be separate from nature; that we need to subdue it and mold it according to our needs. This we have done with great success so, in a sense, our current relationship with nature is perfect – destructive and brutish but perfect! I believe the challenge for humanity, before we destroy ourselves, is to start telling a different story – a story that places us back in nature.
Holarchies are constantly adapting as new holons join them and old holons pass away. Currently I would say that the holon that is humanity, that is part of the holon that is Nature, is more of a disruptive holon to the holarchy than a harmony producing holon. It is like being the teenager in the family whose behaviour is causing parents fear and unhappiness and siblings uncertainty and distress. Note that I deliberately use the analogy to ensure the recognition that this is not to lay blame on humanity. It is perfectly plausible that the parents are at fault in the creation of the system that embodies the recalcitrant teenager. So I don’t blame humanity, and I don’t blame Nature – but I do think that the holarchy is out of balance and I do think that as the only holon that I have any direct control over is me, and as I am free and therefore have choice, and as having choice means that I have responsibility, then it behoves me to make choices that aim at the reproduction of harmony in the holarchy.
There are and have been some very “enlightened” sentient beings who’s relationship is/was at one. Unfortunately these beings typically form a very small part of the general population but play a pivotal role in “pointing the way” to the rest of us. However as a wider societal entity the awareness and engagement of humanity at large is certainly distanced at this present place and moment in time.
Too controlling and lacking empathy. We have become detached from Nature and have forgotten how much we are part of it. Also it is an ignorant relationship – we don’t know how it works but we are happy to see irreversible damage be done for short term humanity gains.
We are in a transition, much too slow, to learning this lesson. Will we make it? I do not know. It is my life’s work to help people awaken to this challenge.
I feel that more and more our obsession with technology is taking us further away from a true connection with nature. In this respect, we do not seem to have advanced too greatly from the industrial revolution, and we still feel that we can carry on depleting resources in the name of growth and consumerism. However, there are of course many people who are trying to make a difference, so it remains to be seen if we can really turn humanity around.
Mostly, wilful, unappreciative, selfish, egotistical, self-important, and hubristic, however if we are part of nature, which I observe we are, then our relationship is like a child to its parent. We love her yet we want to ‘best’ her, we admire her yet we wish to control her, we are awed and yet embarrassed and resentful at such ‘childlike’ feelings. We want to be loved and yet demand that everything is on our terms.
Loving, inconsistent, appreciative, compromised, soulful, arrogant. A boy seeking to become a man, undertaking a vision quest, falling over, getting up again – seeking belonging and deep knowing.
Divorced, disjointed, fragmented, confused and confusing. Why? Because we have lost the love for our fellow travelers.
Humanity’s current relationship with nature will solicit also a reference to the writer’s nihilism or spiritual aspiration. Bear in mind environmentalists have been wrong so many times and I refer you back also to the answer to question one! I would point you to the fabulous book “Ishmael” by Daniel Quinn, in which he posits that the human arrogance is not to acknowledge that there is one myth by which all humankind lives. That myth is that humankind is the end point of evolution!
Disharmonious overall but in dynamic harmony in some aspects, in some places, with certain groups or individuals; fractured but not completely broken. I think the relationship is in transition, which is traumatic because the myth of humans being able to control nature for our own ends through techno-science is being shattered by climate change. Shifting from hubris to humility is difficult.
Disrespectful, careless, short sighted and destructive. We often misuse the word “environment” when speaking of nature – which gives us the excuse to scientific-ise (!) it so we can disconnect. Human nature seems to be devil incarnate. Until we acknowledge the fact that our impact on nature is fundamentally destructive – we will continue to destroy/rape/pillage.
We need to challenge our arrogance once and for all and ask how can we re-create balance and harmony within ourselves first – then work to bring ourselves in balance and harmony with nature.
Humanity’s current relationship with Nature is as mixed and varied as Nature itself. Mankind has always used Nature for its own purpose from the making of the first tools. The majority of intelligent beings realise that gross exploitation is unsustainable and unethical.
Since humans are part of Nature, humanity is also a part of Nature. Humans currently behave as if humanity is separate from — and superior to – Nature. I believe that our attempts to repair our relationship with Nature have largely failed because of this fundamental assumption of separation.
Very poor. Extractive and exploitative rather than nourishing, supportive or exchanging.
Completely f++ked up. We are pretending we cannot read graphs. Pathetic.
Nature is our mother and we at best ignore and take her for granted, and at worst traumatise, damage and repeatedly rape her. The tragedy is that we will never satisfy our immaterial needs – for comfort, love, happiness, belonging – by devouring her material wealth.
I think as a species we are out of sync. We have developed an idea of ourselves as separate from and in competition with nature. I don’t know who said it, but this is a war in which, even if we win, we will be the ultimate losers.
Humanity decided long ago to assume power over the rest of nature, assuming, rather ignorantly, that we can control it. The majority see natural resources as something to be exploited for monetary gain – not even for the good of humanity. Humanity has taken a very short term, arrogant and naive outlook and will pay the price for this. Most of humanity does not realise that we are part of an amazing system and need to work within it. We could learn soooo much from nature – it self corrects naturally; we don’t…we’ve lost our connection with nature.
In turmoil, due to its treating Nature as a set of passive, inert, mechanical objects who are thought to only react to external influences by cause and effect; separate and beneath humanity.
Humanity has become increasingly detached from the play, drama, safety and risk that are associated with nature; our lack of connection means many people are no longer able to notice the weak signals of danger or opportunity, and therefore are unable to respond to them. Most efforts to rekindle a healthier relationship are ironically, also compromised by the short term thinking that created the problems in the first place.
Distant and exploitative.
Carcinogenic based on a false sense of superiority and dominance.
How would you describe your personal relationship with Nature?
Not good enough.
My relationship with Nature is schizophrenic! I (like all educated members of economically developed society) am an expert at abstracting, thinking intellectually about the problems we face. But I also thrive on time in the wild, communing with wind and rain, travelling over the earth unpowered be it by foot, bike, ski or boat.
Source of wonderment and endless study.
Evolving, empathetic to the limits of my faculties, deeply connected, love.
Close but not close enough.
I love nature’s beauty and my relationship with nature is built around this unquestionable love.
Nature is my mentor. my measure, my refuge and my friend.
Shamanic. I myself feel a deep connection to nature, and am happiest when out in nature. I feel cut off from nature in large metropolitan areas, and really like to immerse myself in nature where ever I find myself. I sense that nature does have a form of sentience, but this is not a human sentience and not to be thought of in a superficial manner. I do though feel that there are dimensions to nature most of us are not aware of, and which science has yet to discover.
Inspiring and healing.
A work in progress, onward ever onward with the journey!
My personal relationship is one of awe, in the old fashioned sense of being in awe. Also, I am desperately unhappy at the way humankind has fallen in love with itself and therefore doesn’t see that it champions those things/inventions that are easy and work pro tem. energy is the classic and it boils down to a sense that nature itself will reveal the secrets of everything we need provided we commit ourselves to keep searching for the answers nature found for itself. In other words a world of perfect resource cycles.
I am happy with my relationship with nature. My choice is to be a catalyst for producing harmony in the holarchy by positioning myself as a “different” holon in an organisation and community which I suspect is, through its choices, one of the major disruptors in the holarchy. I believe that this makes a bigger contribution, if successful, than a multitude of lower level choices that I might make about my personal carbon footprint or use of recycled washing up liquid. I do to an extent make such choices but my personal mission is to be one of the holons that disrupts the business holarchy to such an extent that other holons within it become contributors to harmony.
Complicated: sometimes jarring, often harmonious at varying levels of depth or density. Relationship requires mindful nurturing. When highly attuned it is a healing experience, enriching and uplifting. Relationship of respect, reverence and awe for its power and incomprehensibility, which helps me cultivate humility. Paradoxical relationship of controlling and not controlling (e.g. with gardening). Becoming more skilled at reading nature, following its patterns and flows.
I do my utmost to live in harmony and I am very conscious this is a stupendously challenging task.
I am Nature. I love trees, pretty people, the sky, cats, and so much more. Nature is the biggest machine I ever knew. Replicating organisms and the earth system help us manage the power of the sun. God help us if we mess that up. My personal relationship with Nature is based on very profound respect, love and fear.
I like to endlessly explore, decipher, learn from, and ponder Nature both scientifically and as that greater Nature that is far beyond my comprehension. I also love to immerse myself in Nature (literally, in water) so I can thoroughly and simultaneously be in and with Nature both viscerally and spiritually.
Not good enough, but trying to improve it. Now trying to do this at all levels, so have moved from a predominantly more remote, macro, policy driven approach to include my own back garden!
I am in awe of her. I try to listen to her above the noise of humanity and hope that she knows that some of us are trying to put things right.
Difficult. I believe we exist within concentric circles of family, culture, and Nature. The culture circle, the species level, is out of sync, and this creates tensions for the rest. It is a constant challenge to live the kind of life I know I want to lead, and that is true to who I want to be and believe I need to be.
I am part of Nature. Especially when I’m on top of a mountain I feel that all of life, the cosmos, everything is part of me and I am part of it – no separation. The same life force is in all of nature – the plants, birds, ocean, rocks, animals – all the same energy changing form. I want to work with nature – to co-create a way for us to live in an integrated and respectful way. The natural world is where I go for peace and enrichment.
An ongoing loving, welcoming, homecoming and familial encounter of getting to know any part of Nature in terms of itself, on its own terms, without the life inhibiting constrictions of human judgements, assumptions and labels.
Up close, deep and personal. I live surrounded by semi-wild Nature and feel closely connected to its patterns. Nature is my muse, inspiration and companion.
Growing, nurturing and awe inspiring….I see in Nature an outer expression of my inner being.
Flowing with love and magical enchantment; the relationship requests my continual attunement, continual learning, continual opening and continual letting go. My dedication and devotion to this love help me overcome the deep cultural conditioning which so often deafens, blinds and numbs me to the animating power for real, wild life beyond blinkers – for this reason I find myself in daily a struggle to stay fully alive, fully in love.
It is hoped this sharing gets you pondering about these concepts and also about our respective relations with each other and Nature. Please feel free to share your insights to these questions in the comments below.
For the article that summarises these responses and relates them to ‘radical sustainability’ and the way ahead, see the original post published here on CSRWire
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